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INSPIRATION UNLIMITED
KALPANA REMEMBERED
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INTRODUCTION
KALPANA'S HISTORY
DARE TO DREAM
MEMORIES TO CHERISH
PICTURES - PAGE 1
PICTURES - PAGE 2
PICTURES - PAGE 3
PICTURES - PAGE 4
KALPANA'S E-MAIL
KALPANA MAKES A DIFFERENCE
SUPERCOMPUTER AFTER KALPANA
KALPANA REMEMBERED
LIFETIME EXPERIENCE
INTERVIEW WITH KC'S BROTHER
PASSIONATE SCIENTIST
KALPANA CHAWLA, UP AND CLOSE
INVESTIGATION REPORTING PAGE
CONTACT

CU memorial recalls Chawla as trailblazer
 
Astronaut loved being pilot, was always at the top
 
Kalpana Chawla was remembered at the University of Colorado at Boulder as a woman who not only paved a new path, but also as someone who changed the world simply by showing up to work.  
 
CU chancellor Richard Byyny, left, and Stein Sture, of the College of Engineering, look on during a service at CU-Boulder for astronaut Kalpana Chawla.  Chawla was one of seven astronauts who became tragic heroes after the space shuttle Columbia disintegrated Saturday. The memorial honored the woman who graduated from CU's aerospace program in 1986 with a doctorate.
 
Some remembered not just a "brilliant" scientist but also a personal friend who liked exploring the heavens on an earthly scale.
 
"Flying small planes was always her most notable hobby," said C.Y. Chow, one of Chawla's former professors and a friend of 18 years. "She always wanted me to fly with her to show her acrobatic skills. I never went because I was afraid I'd get sick." Chow remembered when Chawla, who knew that he had lived in Thailand for five years, took time during her first spaceflight to take a picture of the country. "If Kalpana could come back, like we all wish she could, I would definitely go with her on an acrobatic flight. Even if I would get sick," Chow said. The podium at which the speakers stood was draped with a small white flag showing Chawla in a spacesuit and a logo of the shuttle mission - STS-107. A slide show projected images of Chawla in space and on Earth. All of them, whether posed or candid, showcased her broad smile.
 
Miriam Maslanik, who had attended CU's graduate school with Chawla, said the future astronaut was always at the top of whatever she did. "Kalpana and I would always compare answers," Maslanik said. "I always knew that if I had the same answer as K.C., I had the right answer. If I didn't have the same answer, I knew I had more work to do." Maslanik said Chawla was someone who saw no point in blending in if it meant being unhappy. When the two decided to go to an aerobics class in the mid-1980s, Maslanik warned Chawla that quality sneakers, like the plain white ones worn by other students, would be necessary. On the day of the class, Chawla walked in wearing screaming red tennis shoes that stood out like spotlights.
 
While Maslanik and other students were driving compact cars, Chawla drove a massive Cadillac Seville that dwarfed her small frame. Chawla had invited Maslanik to both of her shuttle launches, but Maslanik had other obligations. The last time Chawla visited Boulder, which she did regularly, the two had tea. Maslanik asked the astronaut if she was afraid. "She said 'no.' She said she 'had a job to do,' and loved doing it. She just believed that you had to be doing what you wanted to do." Maslanik said Chawla might scoff at emotional memorials for her. "I know as sure as I'm standing here that she's looking down and saying, 'People, move on already. Get back in the shuttle, get back in space, get back into science."' Many of those who attended the memorial didn't know Chawla but were drawn to pay respects to someone who had been their quiet hero.
 
Mithi Mukherjee, an assistant professor of history at CU, said that by becoming an astronaut, Chawla did what Indian women hadn't dreamed possible. "India is a very patriarchal society," Mukherjee said. "But even Indian men have not been able to accomplish what she did." Also on Wednesday, the seven astronauts were honored in a memorial service at St. John's Episcopal Cathedral on Capitol Hill in Denver. In an ecumenical service that included Christian, Jewish and Muslim prayers, the seven were remembered by the Very Rev. Peter Eaton, dean of the cathedral, as "a crew of valiant astronauts who paid the highest price that is ever demanded of explorers." "We are gathered here to pray for their families, their friends and their colleagues. And finally we are gathered here to pray for our nation and the nation of Israel at this time of national tragedy for both of our countries," Eaton said. "We come together to honor our nation's heroes, seven grand and glorious men and women," said Colorado Lt. Gov. Jane Norton. "They embodied the best of the American spirit." Norton said she wanted their families to know that the people of Colorado mourn their passing.
 

Chawla lived dream of many.
 
Astronaut 'shattered many stereotypes,' friend recalls at CU memorial Chawla was remembered by friends who knew her during her time as CU student. Chawla was remembered as a thoughtful adventurer who "lived her life to the fullest."
 
As a senior astrophysics student at the University of Colorado, Helene LaValley shared the dream that astronaut and CU alumna Kalpana Chawla was living.
 
So LaValley was devastated when she learned Saturday that Chawla and her six crew mates aboard the space shuttle Columbia had perished over Texas. "I have a lot of friends who work for NASA. My dream is to work for NASA. It really rocked me," LaValley said after attending a campus memorial for Chawla on Wednesday.
 
LaValley said it helped to learn that there were others among the 125 people at the service who felt the same way.
 
Chawla's friends and colleagues remembered her as a caring, thoughtful person who wasn't afraid to blaze new trails or try a new adventure.
 
Miriam Maslanik, founder and former director of Women in Engineering, was a fellow doctoral student when she first met Chawla on the Boulder campus in the late 1980s. "K.C. was my friend," Maslanik recalled. "She shattered many stereotypes for women all over." She remembered her friend's sense of humor. Back then, the two women were in an aerobics class together. Maslanik kidded her friend about the flimsy sneakers she wore to class. Chawla came to the next class with a pair of bright red Reeboks. Maslanik talked about her regret at having missed a chance to see Chawla's shuttle take off in 1997 and again last month on the ill-fated flight."I thought there would be another time," Maslanik said. A few years ago when Chawla came back to visit Boulder, the two friends talked a little about the risks of space travel. "She had a job to do. She lived her life to the fullest," Maslanik said. "She and her fellow astronauts died living their dream. I'm proud to say she was my friend."
 
A smaller memorial in Denver reminded the two dozen in attendance that "we are dust and we are glory . . . made of the same stuff as the stars." "That is not just a statement of faith, it is a statement of fact," said the Rev. Peter Eaton of St. John's Cathedral, in the homily of an interfaith service Wednesday afternoon. "Nothing of any importance at all, not new knowledge, not love, not peace, not justice, not even life itself, is possible without risk," Eaton said. "Sometimes that risk ends in new possibilities and success; sometimes it ends in failure. We can never know beforehand."
 
Lt. Gov. Jane Norton commented on the state's close ties to the national space enterprise - 100,000 aerospace workers and 15 astronauts with college degrees from CU, two of them who perished in flight.
 
"They embraced the best of the American dream - the dream of exploration and discovery," Norton said.
 
Phillip Hernandez of the mayor's office of community relations, read from a speech President Kennedy gave in 1963: "The exploration of space will go ahead, whether we join in it or not, and it is one of the great adventures of all time."
 

BOULDER - Kalpana Chawla was a small woman with big dreams, which led her improbably from a village in India to the University of Colorado and ultimately into space. The 41-year-old astronaut who died Saturday aboard space shuttle Columbia was remembered by colleagues and admirers around the world and in Boulder as someone who derived great joy in reaching for the heavens and inspiring others to follow. "I had just written an e-mail to her on Thursday saying how proud we all were of her," said Robert Culp, a CU aerospace engineering professor and secondary adviser on Chawla's doctoral dissertation. Chawla grew up in Karnal, a village in northern India, and became a U.S. citizen in 1980. She was celebrated in her home country as a national hero after her first shuttle flight in 1997. "She was a role model for all Indian citizens, and especially Indian women, for having come so far from our country and done so much," said Indrani Vedula, a 24- year-old Indian graduate student at CU. "We lost one of our jewels." A mission specialist with technical expertise in fluid dynamics and aerospace engineering, Chawla maintained her little-girl wonder of the world, taking charge of the simple biology experiments placed on the space shuttle by high-school students from around the country. Aboard the shuttle, she delighted in pointing out India to crew members as they repeatedly passed by in orbit, saying: "I lived there." Culp recalled watching a live news conference on Thursday and observing that Chawla seemed to bubble with joy. "She kept saying that being in space was the most exciting thing she could imagine," Culp said. Born into a wealthy family that owned a rubber-manufacturing plant, Chawla was awarded her doctorate in aerospace engineering from CU in 1988 after completing her undergraduate work at Punjab Engineering College and earning a master's degree from the University of Texas. During her three years at CU, she frequently took time away from her studies to continue her passion for aerobatic flying in small planes above Boulder. Although she immediately went to work for NASA's Ames Research Center after graduation, she had few delusions of becoming an astronaut. From the time she was 12, she knew she wanted to be an aerospace engineer, she said in a NASA preflight interview. "For me, it's really farfetched to have thought about it and made it," Chawla said in a 1998 interview with India Today. "It's almost like having won a lottery or something." When she was selected for training in 1994, she immediately uprooted her husband, Jean-Pierre Harrison, a flight instructor, and they moved to Houston. She became the 15th CU alum to go into space and kept in close contact with Culp and her primary adviser, retired aerospace professor Chuen-Yen "C.Y." Chow, always taking them out to lunch and visiting with students on periodic trips to Boulder. "She came here after her first flight, and it was very exciting for the aerospace students to hear her stories," Chow said. Chawla also was the second former CU student to die on a NASA mission, joining Ellison S. Onizuka, who perished aboard space shuttle Challenger in 1986. At a little over 5 feet tall, Chawla was too small to fit into the space suits needed for the transition from the shuttle to the space station, so she was relegated to the shuttle's scientific missions. On the 16-day mission aboard Columbia in 1997, Chawla also found herself uncomfortably in the spotlight when she tried to retrieve a wayward satellite with the space shuttle's robot arm but missed and sent it spiraling out of control. Other astronauts had to perform a space walk to retrieve the satellite, although a NASA investigation later absolved Chawla and indicated the episode resulted from a series of small mistakes. Known around NASA as "KC" and in India by her childhood nickname, "Monto," Chawla was described as an extrovert with a quick smile. "She just seemed like a real super person," said Dave Kalahar, the undergraduate academic adviser for the CU aerospace department who stays in contact with the school's astronauts. "She always made time for the students when she was on campus and especially made time to talk to the women in the engineering program." Vedula and her roommate, Leena Tawate from Bombay, were among those inspired by Chawla and delighted to be going to the same engineering school. "She had this big place in our lives. She represented all of India," said Tawate, who is seeking a master's degree in telecommunications. Chawla's parents, two sisters and sister-in-law had traveled to the United States to watch her flight, said a family friend, Arun Sharma, outside the home of her brother, Sanjay, in New Delhi. The residents of her hometown of Karnal had planned a celebration but instead were in shock and mourning Saturday night after it became clear that Chawla and her six crewmates were dead. Some 300 children at the Tagore Bal Niketan school that Chawla attended had gathered for an evening of song and dance to celebrate the expected landing of Columbia, principal Rajan Lamba said. In the months leading up to the flight, Chawla had asked Culp, Chow and Kalahar to design a flag for her to carry on the mission to bring back to CU. The banner they designed bore her photo and the logos of the departments and companies supporting the research she was conducting.  I was Ellison Onizuka's adviser when Challenger blew up," Culp said. "It was the same kind of feeling."
 

I did not expect Kalpana Chawla to become astronaut: Texas teacher

WASHINGTON: Nearly everyone who walks into Don Seath's aerodynamics class at the University of Texas has toyed with the idea of becoming an astronaut, but he says Kalpana Chawla seemed least likely to achieve this ambition.

Seath, who has taught at the Arlington-based university since 1965, would be hard pressed to think of a student who on first meeting seemed less likely to go into space than Chawla.

"When I heard she had been accepted into the programme to become an astronaut I was thrilled but also surprised," the New York Times quoted Seath as saying.

"She just did not seem to fit the type."

It was not that she lacked brilliance. "She was a very good student, quite excellent. She was in my aerodynamics class and she performed exceedingly well," Seath said.

What she did not have was the brash attitude most aspiring astronauts displayed. "She was quiet and modest," he recalled.

But Chawla, 41, never lacked determination, the daily quoted those who knew her as saying.

R.S. Bhatia, head of the Indian Space Research Organisation's Washington office, was of the view that Chawla had become a symbol of India's greatness even though she was no longer an Indian citizen.

Chawla and six other astronauts died Saturday when the U.S. space shuttle Columbia disintegrated minutes before it was to return to earth.

From her childhood in Karnal, a small town in the India's Haryana state, Chawla had nursed a lifelong dream to go into space.

"I was interested in aerospace and flying, and the U.S. is really the best place in the world for flying," she had told the university magazine in 1998, shortly after her first space shuttle mission.

Chawla passed out of Karnal's Tagore Bal Niketan school in 1976 before taking a degree in aeronautical engineering from Punjab Engineering College.

She then came to the U.S. for a master's degree in aerospace engineering from University of Texas in 1984, followed by a doctorate degree in aerospace engineering from the University of Colorado in 1988.

She also married Jean-Pierre Harrison, a pilot.

In 1994, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) selected her and 19 others from a group of 4,000 applicants for its astronaut programme.

In November 1997, Chawla became the first person of Indian origin to fly in an American space shuttle. She was assigned to the shuttle Columbia as a mission specialist and prime robotic arm operator.

The 1997 flight was not without mishaps. As robotic arm operator, she was unable to retrieve the 3,000-pound Spartan satellite that spun away after the shuttle released it. Astronauts had to go out on a space walk three days later to retrieve it.

The mistake shook her confidence, and she feared her space career was over. But her concern was misplaced.

"Some of the senior astronauts shook my hand and said, 'K.C., you did a great job. Don't let anyone tell you different,'" Chawla told the university magazine.

Washington - Kalpana Chawla lived for the very event she
died in. In pre-flight interviews with the media, she had
described the ascent, re-entry, and landing of the
spacecraft as the most exciting and enjoyable moments of
the space odyssey.

That the moment of adrenalin rush also held the greatest
danger did not seem to faze her at all. The Atlanta
Journal and Constitution newspaper reported on Sunday
that she once told her only US-based brother Girish
Chawla that if she had to die, she hoped it would be in a
crash.

On Saturday, Girish, who lives outside Atlanta, Georgia,
flew to Houston to join the rest of the devastated family
as realization sank in that the girl they all called
'Montu' would now exist only in their memories. The
family remained incommunicado and is expected to attend a
prayer meeting organised by the local Indian community
Sunday afternoon.

Kalpana Chawlas businessman father Banarsi Das, home-
maker mother Sanjogta, and her two sisters had only
recently come from India to witness the launch of the
Space Shuttle Columbia from Cape Canaveral on January 16.
After seeing the launch they had repaired to Houston,
waiting for her to touch down and return home, when they
heard of the disaster.

Meanwhile, in death more than in life, Kalpana Chawla is
finding fame and recognition in the United States. Well-
known in India as the countrys first female astronaut,
albeit of an emigrant variety, the 41-year old Indian-
American is being featured extensively in the US media as
it examines the diverse composition of a crew that had
two women, an African American and an Israeli among them.

Chawlas early years and schooling in India, her college
education in the US, her rise in Nasa and her comments in
past interviews are all being scrutinized to understand
the remarkable career of a small-town Haryana girl who
made the elite grade of American astronauts. "Golden Girl
Gave youth in India a chance to dream," the Washington
Post headlined a story on her from India.

The US media initially counted her among six Americans
while focusing on the Israeli as the one foreigner among
the crew. It was only later than they cottoned on to the
Indian-American female who was a relatively recent
immigrant to the United States, having moved here only in
1984.

Kalpana, though, saw herself as a citizen of the world.
Following her debut space flight in 1997, she described
how spinning around the earth in just 90 minutes gave her
a sense of belonging to the whole planet and not just any
one country or community.

But she never made any attempt to underplay her Indian
roots. The last time she associated herself publicly with
an Indian event was when she attended a dinner hosted by
vice-president Al Gore for Prime Minister Vajpayee and
was seated at the head table, recalled T PSreenivasan,
who was Indias Deputy Chief of Mission in Washington
when she went on her debut flight.

Sreenivasan, who witnessed that event in Cape Canaveral
and spoke with her, said she acknowledged the "solid
science education in India that got her interested in
space."

In more recent interviews ahead of her second flight,
Chawla also acknowledged being inspired by the flying
deeds of JRD Tata. She remained in touch with her school,
community and family in Karnal.

On her very first flight, she carried souvenirs from her
high school (Tagore High School in Karnal) and the Punjab
Engineering College. This time she was carrying banners
and pins of the Flying Club and Nehru Planetarium.

Kalpanas American teachers too paid rich tributes to
her, with one professor at University of Texas who taught
her aerodynamics describing her as a quiet and modest
student who showed great determination "without the brash
attitude most aspiring astronauts displayed."

The scrutiny of Chawlas career was not without a bit of
controversy. Some Indian circles chafed at reports that
suggested she was responsible for a minor mishap in the
1997 flight that sent a science satellite tumbling out of
control. Other astronauts had to go on a spacewalk to
capture it.

But Nasa later absolved her and acknowledged that the
instructions to the crew may not have been clear. Chawla
too said she had stopped thinking about it. "After I had
basically sorted that out, I figured its time to really
look at the future and not at the past," she said in one
interview.